There are several woodpecker species around the world that tend to forage on the ground and many others that, though essentially arboreal, will also occasionally drop to the ground to feed. Two species, however, are highly terrestrial, hardly ever using trees and seldom actually pecking wood! They are, the Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola of the high Andes in South America & the Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus of Southern Africa. Here is a close-up of the former: a male of the puna race, in C Peru, November 2012 (Gerard Gorman).
Sunday, 21 December 2014
Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus, Dominican Republic, December 2014. Endemic to the island of Hispaniola (Dom Rep & Haiti) in the Greater Antilles, it is widespread and common in the former, found in most wooded habitats, but less so in Haiti where deforestation has been rife. This is a female, note the black mid and fore crown with red only at the rear: males have a complete red crown.