This small "pied" woodpecker is found from in eastern Afghanistan, parts of Pakistan, through northern India to eastern Nepal. It lives in uplands, in both coniferous and deciduous forests, in woods, parkland and even urban areas. It is often locally rather common. It is monotypic with no races declared though birds vary in size and colouration in a clinal manner.
This large species (30-36cm in length) ranges across Central and South America where it is locally fairly common. It occurs in a range of open forested habitats from humid and dry forests to mangroves, from lowlands to mountains. It is often rather vocal. Photo of nominate race by Szabolcs Kokay, Trinidad, 2010.
This monotypic species is restricted to Central America, in Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. It is, however, often locally common there in drier, open, lightly wooded habitats. It is also often seen and heard in and around settlements. This bird photographed in Costa Rica by Robert Tuff.